This site is supported by our readers. We may earn a commission, at no cost to you, if you purchase through links.
You’ve cut out your pattern pieces and you’re ready to start sewing your project.
Stay stitching is a must, especially on any curved edges or bias cut pieces. Using a regular stitch length, sew just inside the seam allowance, following the curves.
Stay stitching prevents those necklines, armholes, and other curved areas from distorting. For extreme stretching fabrics like knits, you may even want to stay stitch 1/4 from the raw edge.
Take a few minutes to baste these areas first and your project will have a professional finish. With crisp curves and no stretching, you’ll love how your garment comes together.
Now you’re ready to move on to the real sewing. Stay stitch first and your projects will look their best!
Table Of Contents
- Key Takeaways
- What is Stay Stitching?
- When to Use Stay Stitches
- Stay Stitch Direction
- Stay Stitch Length
- Stay Stitch by Hand?
- Leave Stitches In?
- Prevent Stretching
- Other Stabilizing Options
- Checklist Before Sewing
- Pressing Tips
- Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
- Use a shorter 2-4mm length for lightweight fabrics to prevent stretching. Go slightly longer for heavy fabrics.
- Adjust length based on fabric weight and needs. Watch for puckering or stretching as you sew.
- Keep stitches longer than normal construction for stability. You can increase to 3-4mm on extreme bias.
- Develop an intuitive sense for proper length through experience. There is no one perfect length.
What is Stay Stitching?
You can stabilize those tricky curves and edges by putting in a row of short reinforcement stitches right in the seam allowance – just be sure to keep ’em real small so the fabric stays relaxed. Opt for a 2mm stitch length when stay stitching. Any longer and you risk stretching out the fabric along those bias or curved raw edges like necklines.
Keeping your stitches tiny and within the seam allowance allows the fabric to retain its original drape and shape. Those short stitches act as an inner framework to support the curved edges until you sew the final seams.
With the right stitch length, stay stitching locks the necklines and other tricky spots in place before you even cut the first pattern piece.
When to Use Stay Stitches
You’ll want to stay stitch curved edges like necklines, armholes, and hiplines to stabilize the fabric’s bias cut. Also, use stay stitches anytime you’re sewing with loosely woven or very stretchy fabrics, since they can easily distort.
Make it standard practice to stay stitch princess seams and shaped waistlines too for extra support through the seaming process.
Ah, stabilizing those finicky curves takes finesse – aim for 2mm stitches when stay-stitching armholes and such.
- Armhole edges
- Princess seams
Keeping the stitch length short prevents stretched out seams. Follow the seam line shape when stitching curves for a smooth finish.
Knits beckon binding, so swaddle those stretchy threads in a short blanket of stitches. When embarking on slippery silk charmeuse or elastic knits, enact two-millimeter stitches as insurance around flowing hems.
Though wovens may waver, gentle guidance keeps edges from billowing and distorting. See how simply stabilizing fragile fabrics forestalls flopping? With care, even the curliest cloth lies flat.
Stay Stitch Direction
As with all seams, follow the seamline’s shape when stay stitching to maintain the garment’s intended design. For necklines, stitch from shoulder to center front/back. For armholes, stitch from front shoulder to underarm and from back around to underarm.
Start and stop at the center rather than sewing shoulder to shoulder. For princess seams or style lines, trace the seam’s shape exactly when stay stitching. Match the shape of any facings when stay stitching them prior to construction. Following the seamline prevents distortion and keeps the fabric’s grain stable through the construction process.
Stay Stitch Length
You’re gonna want fairly short stay stitching lengths, around 2mm, so the fabric doesn’t get stretched out as you sew. For example, when stay stitching a scoop neckline in slippery charmeuse, those tiny stitches will keep everything stable without distortion.
Opt for a 2mm stitch length when stay stitching, so the fabric is held snugly in place without any risk of stretching. Whether you’re stabilizing an airy chiffon blouse or a slinky satin cocktail dress, short stitching lines keep curves and edges from stretching during construction.
Match the stitch distance to the overall delicacy of the material – lightweight wovens and knits need a tight, short stitch to prevent any distortion of the original grain.
Stay Stitch by Hand?
Oh my sweetness, stay-stitch that curved seam by hand before your soft satin slips away like stardust.
- Use a longer length stitch, around 5mm, for hand sewing stay stitches. This allows the thread to grip the fabric firmly.
- Take care not to stretch the fabric as you stitch. Keep stitches smooth and even.
- For tricky areas like corners or points, switch to a smaller stitch for more control.
- Hand-sewn stay stitches are perfect for lightweight fabrics or small pieces.
- When stitching necklines and other curves, work slowly and carefully.
With hand sewing, you can stabilize any delicate or difficult area. Focus on keeping your stitches tiny and consistent without tugging or distorting the fabric.
Leave Stitches In?
When stay-stitching, go beyond the recommended length; this anchors the seams without distorting the finished look.
|Bias Areas||Grain||Stitch Length|
|Princess seams||Cross grain||3mm|
|Armhole curves||Diagonal seam||4mm|
|Circle skirts||Bias grainline||2.5mm|
Stay-stitching secures the bias grain and prevents stretching on curved and diagonal seams. Increasing stitch length grips the straight grain so the finished garment retains its shape. For lightweight fabrics, a longer stitch is vital. Allow extra length to lock each seam, keeping them accurate.
Handle the fabric gingerly when cutting and marking to avoid distorting the bias grain before stay-stitching.
Reinforce curves prone to stretching with:
- Stay tape on armholes and necklines
- Short stitches by hand on tricky points
- Clips into inward curves
- Support loose weave fabrics along edges with fusible interfacing.
- Handle the cut fabric carefully to avoid tugging or pulling the bias areas.
- Take extra precautions around v-necks and other curved seams.
Securing the fabric edges before sewing prevents distortion on bias grain. Treating fabrics gently maintains the garment’s shape for an accurate finished look. With lightweight or unstable fabrics, stabilizing curved areas is essential to quality results.
Other Stabilizing Options
When working with fabrics prone to stretching, you’ll want to consider interfacing and stay tape as additional tools for stabilizing edges. Fusible knit interfacing can give structure to loose knit fabrics before stay stitching curved seams.
Stay tape is also useful for reinforcing deep armholes or necklines in woven fabrics. Using these extra supports secures problem areas so you can stay stitch with confidence, preventing distortion as you sew.
Reinforce loose weave fabrics with a lightweight fusible interfacing, securing edges like a gentle hug around delicate curves before cutting patterns. Apply interfacing to pattern pieces needing firmness like facings or bias cut garments.
The extra body will support the fabric and help maintain the intended shape through construction and wearing.
You’ll love taping down those deep or angled edges with stay tape, keeping them nice and stable without any waving.
- Adds invisible support to curved seams
- Works on deep armholes or low necklines
- Anchors bias or stretchy fabric edges
- Just 1/4 inch wide so it won’t be seen
Checklist Before Sewing
Before nabbing your needle, mind how you’ve marked your grainlines lest your seams go astray. Once your pattern pieces are cut, immediately stay stitch key areas. This crucial preparatory step keeps curved seams from stretching out of shape later on.
Focus first on stabilizing the front and back armholes, stitching from the shoulder to the underarm notch. Next, reinforce the neckline, sewing from shoulder seam to center front or back.
For the shoulder seam itself, avoid stitching across – stay stitches won’t match once the seam allowance is pressed.
With proper grain alignment and strategic stay stitches set, you’ll assemble your garment without distortion.
Let’s get smooth seams soon – press open your stitching immediately.
- Use a point presser for navigating tight curves like armholes and curved necklines.
- When pressing V-necks, start at the tip point and press outwards to set the shape.
- For gathered necklines, press the gathers before steaming the neck curve so it retains its shape.
- Always allow the fabric to cool before moving to prevent lopsided stretching, especially on bias cut pieces like neck facings.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
How far from the seamline should I stay stitch?
Stay stitch 1/4-inch to 1/2-inch from the seam line. This allows just enough room for trimming and seam finishing while preventing stretching. Move closer on delicate or bias edges. Go wider on sturdy wovens. Let your experience guide you on the ideal distance for each fabric and project.
With practice, you’ll develop an intuitive sense for proper stay stitch placement.
Should I use a longer or shorter stitch length for lightweight versus heavyweight fabrics?
Use a shorter stitch length for lightweight fabrics to prevent puckering. For heavyweight fabrics, lengthen your stitch length a bit so the material can spread within the seam. Trust your judgment – you’ll know if the fabric is stretching or puckering as you sew.
Is it okay to stay stitch on the seam line rather than inside the seam allowance?
I wouldn’t recommend stay stitching right on the seam line. Stay just inside the seam allowance, about 1/8 inch, so the stitches don’t show and get caught in the seams later. Like shoring up a riverbank before the spring floods arrive, stay stitching prevents stretching and distortion.
Do I need to re-stay stitch if I have to rip out original sewing and re-sew a seam?
You need not restay stitch ripped seams, my friend. Though fabric may stretch some when stitches come undone, gentle pressing and handling will usually return it near enough to the original state. Simply realign edges precisely and proceed with confidence. Your skill and care will see the project through.
Is stay stitching needed on both the garment and facing edges or just one?
Stay stitch both the garment and facing edges. Although it takes more time, properly stabilizing curves prevents stretching and leads to smooth edges.
You’ll be amazed at how a simple 2-4mm length of stay stitching can transform your sewing projects! Going just a tad shorter or longer with those stabilizing stitches along the curved edges of your fabric pieces makes all the difference.
Set your stitch length between 2-4mm, stay stitch just inside the seam allowances, and voila—stretched, warped seams are a thing of the past. With the perfect stay stitch length, you’ll get crisp edges and professional results every time.