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Types of Twilled Fabric: Denim, Satin, Tweed, Gabardine, Serge, Ticking, Sacking (2024)

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types of twilled fabric namesImagine being wrapped in the luxurious embrace of twilled fabric. The smooth texture, the diagonal parallel ribs that give it strength and durability – it’s a sensation like no other.

In this article, we explore the different types of twill fabrics that exist in the world today. From classic denim to elegant satin, from cozy tweed to sophisticated gabardine – each type has its own unique characteristics and uses.

So join us on this journey through the realm of twilled fabric and discover which one suits your style best!

Key Takeaways

  • Denim, satin, tweed, and gabardine are some of the types of twill fabrics.
  • Twill fabrics are commonly used in clothing, upholstery, automotive interiors, and industrial equipment covers.
  • When caring for twill fabrics, it is recommended to gently wash in cold water, avoid harsh chemicals, and air dry.
  • Twill weaves can be differentiated by their directionality, such as right-handed twills, left-handed twills, and zigzag twills.

Types of Twilled Fabric

Types of Twilled Fabric
If you’re interested in learning about different types of twilled fabric, you’ll find a wide range of options such as denim, satin, tweed, gabardine, serge, ticking and sacking.

Twill fabrics have distinct characteristics that make them unique and suitable for various practical applications.

Denim is known for its durability and has historical significance as the fabric used in jeans.

Satin is smooth with a lustrous finish and often used in luxury garments.

Tweed offers warmth and texture commonly seen in jackets or suits.

Gabardine is favored for its excellent drape quality ideal for office wear or suits.

Serge is another versatile twill fabric often utilized to create uniforms due to its strength.

Environmental impact varies depending on the fiber type used but can be minimized through sustainable production practices.


Now let’s delve into the world of denim, a popular type of twilled fabric.

  • Denim characteristics:
    • Denim is known for its durability and distinct diagonal pattern created by the twill weave.
    • It’s typically made from cotton, making it breathable and comfortable to wear.
  • Denim fashion:
    • Over the years, denim has become an iconic fabric in fashion.
    • It’s commonly used in jeans but can also be found in jackets, skirts, shirts, and even accessories like bags and shoes.
  • Denim production:
    • The production process involves spinning cotton fibers into yarns that are then woven using a twill weave technique.
    • Various treatments like dyeing or distressing may be applied to achieve different finishes.

Denim sustainability:

As consumer demand for sustainable products grows,

efforts have been made to make denim production more environmentally friendly.

Considerations such as organic farming practices,

water recycling systems,

and reducing chemical usage

are becoming integral parts

of sustainable denim manufacturing processes.

By adopting these practices,

the industry aims to minimize its impact on the environment while still producing high-quality denim garments.


When choosing twilled fabric, consider satin for its luxurious sheen and smooth texture.

Satin is a type of fabric that’s known for its glossy surface and soft feel. It’s woven using a satin weave, which gives it the characteristic lustrous appearance.

Satin fabrics are versatile and can be used in various applications, including clothing, upholstery, and home décor. They’re commonly used in evening gowns, lingerie, bedding sets,and draperies due to their elegant look.

Satin fabrics can be made from different fibers such as silk,polyester or rayon.The finishing techniques applied to satin can further enhance its characteristics,such as dyeing,color-fastness or anti-wrinkle treatments.

In comparison to twill fabric,satin has a smoother finish with no visible diagonal lines.Twill patterns create more durability while satins offer an exquisite drape suitable for formal wear.

Satins have been widely utilized by fashion designers throughout history due to their luxurious appeal,and they continue to remain popular choices in the world of fashion today.


You’ll love the classic and timeless appeal of tweed fabric.

Tweed, known for its distinctive patterns and durability, has a rich history in the world of fashion. Originating from Scotland in the 18th century, this versatile fabric has been embraced by designers worldwide.

From traditional herringbone to checkered designs, tweed patterns offer endless possibilities for creating stylish garments that exude sophistication and elegance. Whether it’s a tailored blazer or a chic skirt, tweed adds an element of refinement to any outfit.

Not only does it possess aesthetic charm but also boasts exceptional durability due to its tightly woven structure. This makes tweed perfect for enduring everyday wear while still looking effortlessly polished.


Continuing from Tweed, let’s explore the next type of twilled fabric: Gabardine.

Gabardine is a versatile and durable twill fabric known for its distinct diagonal pattern. It’s commonly used in various industries such as fashion and upholstery due to its excellent draping properties.

The production of gabardine involves weaving patterns that pass the weft thread over one or more warp threads, creating a sturdy weave structure.

Historically, gabardine was developed by Thomas Burberry in 1879 for his famous trench coats. Today, it’s widely used in suits, trousers, skirts, and outerwear garments due to its resilience and wrinkle resistance characteristics.

In terms of sustainability considerations with gabardine production,

it can be made using sustainable fibers like organic cotton or recycled polyester to reduce environmental impact.


If you’re looking for a versatile twilled fabric, consider serge.

Serge is known for its smooth and sturdy characteristics, making it suitable for various applications.

It has a tight weave with diagonal lines that give it strength and durability.

Unlike gabardine, which has a more pronounced diagonal pattern, serge offers a more subtle appearance while still maintaining its woven interface.

Historically used in military uniforms due to its resilience, serge has expanded into other industries such as fashion and home decor.

Its versatility allows it to be used in garments like trousers and skirts as well as upholstery fabrics like curtains or furniture covers.

Whether you need fabric that provides comfort or withstands wear and tear, serge is an excellent choice in the world of twill fabrics.


First, let’s talk about the twilled fabric known as ticking.

Ticking is a strong twilled fabric weave that has been used for various purposes throughout history.

Here are some important characteristics of ticking fabric:

  1. Vintage Ticking: Ticking has a vintage appeal and is often associated with traditional styles and rustic aesthetics in home decor.
  2. Ticking in Home Decor: This durable fabric is commonly used for upholstery, curtains, and cushions due to its strength and resistance to wear.
  3. Ticking vs Satin: Unlike satin with its smooth shiny finish, ticking has a more textured appearance due to its diagonal weave pattern.
  4. Ticking in Fashion: In recent years, designers have incorporated ticking into fashion trends by using it for clothing items such as shirts, dresses, and even accessories like bags or hats.

Whether you’re looking to add some vintage charm to your home or embrace the latest fashion trends, consider incorporating this versatile twill fabric into your lifestyle.


Next, let’s explore the characteristics of sacking as a type of twill fabric.

Sacking is a heavyweight twill weave fabric known for its durability and strength. Its history can be traced back to its use in nautical and military applications due to its rugged properties.

Sacking has a textured appearance with ribbed diagonal lines that are characteristic of the twill weave. This makes it highly suitable for upholstery purposes, providing both visual interest and long-lasting support for furniture pieces.

Additionally, sacking is commonly used in bags such as tote bags or duffel bags, where its sturdy construction ensures that belongings are securely held within.

With these qualities in mind, sacking offers practicality and reliability across various applications while adding an element of control over one’s environment through durable fabric choices.

Tussah Silk

Tussah Silk
Moving on from the previous subtopic of sacking, let’s now delve into the world of Tussah Silk.

If you desire lightweight and breathable fabrics that exude elegance and durability, then Tussah silk is your go-to choice. This particular type of silk is derived from wild silkworms found in China and India, resulting in a unique texture that sets it apart from other twilled fabric materials.

Twill weave fabrics made with Tussah silk offer a soft feel against the skin while maintaining their lustrous appearance. The diagonal pattern inherent to twill weaves enhances the drape and adds an element of sophistication to garments created with this textile fiber.

Whether you’re looking for luxurious evening wear or comfortable everyday attire, incorporating Tussah silk into your wardrobe will undoubtedly elevate your style game. Embrace its natural beauty as it complements various outfits and empowers you with both control over fashion choices and liberation through unmatched comfort.

Other Twill Weave Fabrics

Other Twill Weave Fabrics
As we explore the various types of twill weave fabrics, it’s important to consider other options beyond the commonly known ones like denim and satin.

These lesser-known twill fabrics offer unique characteristics that cater to different preferences and applications.

For a sophisticated touch, you may opt for foulard fabric with its intricate patterns and smooth texture.

If you desire a sleek, textured appearance, sharkskin fabric is an excellent choice due to its distinctive pattern resembling shark scales.

Surah fabric offers a luxurious feel with its lightweight drape and subtle luster.

Tricotine is another option that provides durability combined with softness for comfortable garments or upholstery items.

Duvetyn fabric boasts warmth and coziness perfect for winter clothing or home textiles like blankets or curtains.

Cavalry twill is renowned for its diagonal ridges while flattened twills provide smoother surfaces.

Figured, twill showcases intricate designs achieved through weaving techniques.

Steep, waved, and uneven are variations of traditional twisted weaves which add visual interest.

With these alternatives in mind, you can confidently select from an array of fascinating options beyond the conventional choices.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are some common applications for twilled fabrics other than clothing and upholstery?

Twill fabrics, apart from clothing and upholstery, find versatile applications in various industries.

They’re commonly used for accessories like bags and wallets, as well as in automotive interiors and industrial equipment covers due to their durability and resistance to wear.

Are there any specific care instructions or recommendations for maintaining twilled fabrics?

To maintain the power and control over your twilled fabrics, remember this:

Treat them like a rare gem.

Gently wash in cold water, avoid harsh chemicals, and air dry to preserve their strength and durability.

Liberation lies in preserving the beauty of your twill weave.

How can one differentiate between different types of twill weaves based on their diagonal patterns?

Differentiating between twill weaves is based on their diagonal patterns.

Right-handed twills run from bottom left to top right, creating a tight weave.

Left-handed twills run from right to left, resulting in a softer fabric.

Zig-zag twills form a zigzag pattern by combining both directions.

Are there any specific characteristics or properties that make certain twilled fabrics more suited for specific uses?

Different twilled fabrics have unique characteristics and properties that make them suitable for specific uses.

Consider factors like:

  • Flexibility
  • Strength
  • Durability
  • Front vs backside appearance
  • Stain resistance
  • Crease resistance

when choosing the right twill fabric for your desired application.

Can twilled fabrics be easily dyed or printed with patterns?

Yes, twilled fabrics can be easily dyed or printed with patterns.

The diagonal pattern of the twill weave provides a versatile base for various dyeing and printing techniques, allowing for creative designs and customization options.


To wrap things up, the world of twilled fabrics offers a diverse range of options to suit every style and occasion.

From the timeless appeal of denim to the luxurious elegance of satin, the variety is endless.

Whether you’re looking for a cozy tweed or a sophisticated gabardine, there’s a twill fabric out there for you.

So go ahead, explore the different types and find the one that best reflects your unique personality and fashion sense.

Avatar for Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is the founder and editor-in-chief of, a site dedicated to those passionate about crafting. With years of experience and research under his belt, he sought to create a platform where he could share his knowledge and skills with others who shared his interests.