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How to Cross Stitch for Beginners Full Guide of 2023

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If you are a beginner in the sewing world, you may have looked at some projects and wondered how the person achieved their cross stitch.

Which wire did they use? How did they get all those neat stitches?

Well, questions like that often come up when you’re starting out. Don’t be afraid to ask them.

First Understand what a cross stitch is. With cross stitches, you make diagonal stitches that must be the same length.

In addition, the stitches must intersect in the middle to form an X. So, how do you get cross stitches? Well, this article will help you.

How to embroider for beginners?

First start by going through the design you are going to sew onto the card. Prepare your fabric for stitching by washing and ironing.

Then sew, forming the center of the fabric or from one edge of a row. Make sure you are consistent with your stitches.

You should also deal with one color at a time. Be careful when sewing to get a tidy cross stitch.

Cross stitch procedure

Cross stitching can for a beginner. But with practice you will understand the essence of things.

In this section, you will have a step-by-step procedure that you will follow when doing cross-stitching. It is beginner friendly and gives you a quick overview of how to cross stitching.

The material you need for cross stitching

  • Tape needle
  • Threads you will use
  • A pattern with the design you will sew.
  • Your substance


Step 1: Go through your pattern

You must first make sure you understand the design you are going to sew. This will make it easy for you to know where to start and where to end your stitching.

Understanding the pattern also helps you come up with neat cross stitches.

Step 2: Prepare your garment

There are many steps to prepare for your garment. First wash and iron it.

It will make your design neater. It would also help if you protect your garment. In addition, you may deal with a fabric with fraying edges.

With other fabrics, they shrink as you sew. You can protect the fraying at the edges by making zigzag stitches at the edges.

Step 3: Select the thread and needle

You must select a thread that matches your fabric. It shouldn’t be the same though.

Cross-stitches allow you to go wild with the thread color. Also select the needle you will be using.

Finally, the size of the needle depends on the number of fabrics.

Step 4: Find an embroidery hoop

An embroidery hoop will help you hold your cross stitch in place while you make other stitches. You can work with smaller hoops as they are easy to hold.

However, move them around more often. But you don’t need an embroidery hoop if you can hold the stitch yourself.

Step 5: Cut the fabric

Once you have the materials to hand, you can cut the fabric depending on the pattern you are using.

Step 6: Thread the needle

Make a loop at the end of your floss and wet it with some water. Pull the loop into the eye of the wire.

In addition, make sure you have two Anderson lest, and one should go to the other side of the needle.

Step 7: Start with cross stitches

It may help if you sew from the center of your fabric. Insert the needle from the bottom and pull it through the fabric.

However, leave a loop at the bottom. You should then continue to cross the strand in the diagonal direction.

Your hook should then go through the loop below so that your stitch is secure.

Step 8: Continue with the cross stitch

Make sure to follow the X pattern in all other stitches you make. Sew on the outside of the cross stitch.

Do this until you reach your pattern.

Step 9: Finish sewing

When you’re done with your pattern, you can add a backstitch border around it. Then tie your thread from under the cross stitch.

In addition, make a knot on the wrong side of the pattern. Cut the remaining thread.

Create a half cross stitch and a 3/4 cross stitch

You already have the know the basic concept of making a cross stitch. In this section you will learn how to make a 1/2 and a 3/4 cross stitch. Read on!

1. Half cross stitch

A diagonal line can represent a half cross stitch. It also has a floss symbol next to the diagonal line.

How to make a half cross stitch.

Step 1: insert the needle into the fabric

This time insert the needle from the right side of the fabric. Do it from the back to the front.

Step 2: Get meaningful results diagonally

Create a diagonal stitch the substance. Then bring that needle back to the back.

There you have your first half stitch!

2. 3/4 cross stitch

For 3/4 stitches you should start shaping the center of your fabric. Follow this process:

Step 1: Select the correct needle and thread it

Choose according to your fabric a needle that fits well with your fabric.

If you are dealing with a thick fabric, a sharp needle will also work well. Then thread your needle.

Step 2: Insert the needle into the material

Drive the needle through the fabric, start from the wrong side of the fabric. Also make sure your needle goes through a corner of the straight leg.

Step 3: Make a diagonal stitch

Cross the needle diagonally. Make a long leg stitch.

However, you should bring your needle to the right side of the fabric along the corner.

Step 4: Backstitch

Sew on the wrong side of your fabric, through where you have your first leg.

Tips for embroidering as a beginner

1. Start practicing with a simple project

If you know little about cross stitching, you can try simple projects first. So start with a project with a few stitches.

2. Always understand your project before you start.

Knowing what the project requires is crucial. It is therefore a good idea to review the pattern you are going to sew to avoid sewing errors.

3. Start sewing from the center

Sewing from the center of the fabric allows you to create neat stitches. It is also much easier than starting from the edges of the fabric.

4. Always mark your progress

You should always make sure you come up with a neat cross stitch. To achieve this, mark the starting point, what you have done and what you need to do on the fabric.

5. Keep your thread short

Long threads can get tangled so easily. Getting tangled up can affect how your pattern will look.

So it’s much easier to use a short thread.

What is the purpose of cross-stitching?

Cross-stitching has many purposes. You can make original designs with cross stitching.

Usually, you can make a decorative thing with a cross stitch. The display allows you to frame it in your home or make a ring to hang it up.

A cross stitch can also when marking your clothes. For example, you can write your name or initials on a piece of fabric according to a cross stitch model.

Is it easy to cross-stitch?

Cross-stitching may not be that easy, especially if you’re just begins. But if you go further and keep learning the tricks and hacks, you can become a pro.

In addition, you don’t need to have many stitch designs on hand. You can create something beautiful with just one type of stitch.

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Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is the founder and editor-in-chief of, a site dedicated to those passionate about crafting. With years of experience and research under his belt, he sought to create a platform where he could share his knowledge and skills with others who shared his interests.