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Basic Knitting Stitches You Can Learn and Use Today Full Guide of 2023

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knitting stitches

“Nothing lasts forever” is one of the oldest sentences. It may be true, but some things can take quite a long time. Knitting is an old technique of making fabric with two needles and yarn that never goes out of style. Maybe we will stop knitting one day, but right now, knitting stitches are as popular as ever. From our grandmothers to celebrities such as Meryl Streep, Krysten Ritter, Demi Lovato and Ryan Gosling, just to name a few, everyone seems to love knitting these days.

However, if you are just knitting, it can daunt and confusing. If you take a quick look at one of the knitting websites or booklets, you will see countless different knitting stitches. It has to take forever to learn and master most of it, right? Well, no. Once you get the hang of a few basic stitches, you can tackle countless projects and from there it’s pretty easy to upgrade. And basic stitches are quite easy to learn as you will soon discover.

Basic knitting stitches and patterns

Even though you come across countless stitch names, there are only two basic knitting stitches: knit stitch and purl stitch. Everything else is a combination of these two stitches. And strictly , there are no more different stitches. Many combinations and variations of these basic stitches actually create different stitch patterns, which we commonly call stitches.

Knit stitch and purl stitch

Let’s look at the difference between a knit stitch and a purl stitch. stitch. It all comes down to whether you’re looping from the top or bottom. When the first you have a purl stitch and when the last is a knit stitch. It’s that simple. Even though they look different, they look alike. If you use knit stitches and you turn the fabric over, I will show it as purl stitches on back side and vice versa. By alternating between knit and purl in rows and ridges, you can make many combinations to make distinct patterns.

So remember that all those fantasy stitches you may have heard of are stitch patterns although we usually call them stitches.

Garter Stitch

Garter Stitch is the most basic stitch pattern, and it is usually the first to teach. You make a garter stitch by simply knitting or knitting each row. However, it is not very common to purge every stitch. Because of the symmetry of the sides, the does not tend to curl. It is stretchable and reversible. It’s as simple as it gets and it’s great for making scarves, washcloths, blankets and other similar items.

Stockinette Stitch

Stockinette pattern is likely the most common. It is also very simple. To make a stockinette stitch you will need to alternate rows of knit stitches and purl stitches. You alternate row by row so that you get one knitted row, the next row a purled row, and so on. In this way you get a smooth front with the characteristic ‘V’shape appearance. The back will be more’bumpy’. Tricot Pattern tends to curl on the edges. If you want to avoid curls, you need to add an edge that prevents curls.

Rib stitch

After you master the former stitch It is time for an upgrade. Ribbing is a technique of alternate knitting and mashing in the same row. It allows for a variety of new combinations because you can use different alternate formulas. The most common shapes are 1 × 1, 2 × 2, 3 × 3 4 × 4 and 3 × 1. The numbers show a knit / purl ratio. For example, 2 × 2 ridge means 2 knit stitches, then 2 purl stitches and continue. Following the same pattern in all rows will cause knitting ridges and purls alternating across the fabric.

Seed stitch

Seed stitch is a bit more complicated, but still easy to do. To make a seed stitch, knit alternately knit and purl in each ridge and row. This makes the fabric lie flat, is the same on both sides and does not curl. However, it is not as smooth as the Stockinette Stitch.


These basic knitting techniques or stitch patterns are enough to cover countless projects. For beginners, it offers many opportunities to be creative as they hone knitting skills. There is no need to get ahead and master every stitch pattern. The more you update your basic skills, the easier you will progress to the next level. Heck, you might even want to commit to some indie knitting projects like Yarn Bombardment!

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Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is the founder and editor-in-chief of, a site dedicated to those passionate about crafting. With years of experience and research under his belt, he sought to create a platform where he could share his knowledge and skills with others who shared his interests.