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Everything You Need to Know About Applique Full Guide of 2023

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Elbow patches on professors may not the pin.cle of fashion today, but the process by which they applied those patches in the world of textiles.

Appliqué, or attaching one piece of fabric to another, is a practice that allows for more than just a dignified appearance at the front of a classroom.

applique techniques

By SK (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 License)

Appliqué can while quilting, with ribbons and beads, and in many projects you want to pursue.

Want to learn how to create applications and integrate practice into your crafting time? You can use this guide to discover different variations of applique and the many ways your sewing can stand out from the crowd.

Appliqué: A History ]

According to the authors of The Sprout, applique is one of the oldest forms of design in the world. The term comes from France, where “appliquer” means “ to attach or apply.”

Creative Machine Embroidery’s writers note that applique appears in the clothing worn by Turkish royalty in the late 18th century, as well as in the ribbon work incorporated into French designs, suggesting an inter.tio.l appeal to the practice.

American floral borders also used applique techniques as the craft industry boomed in the 19e century, appliqua quilts became more prominent in the home.

The widespread .ture of the practice means that many variations have emerged over the years, but the definition of application has remained constant.

Understanding modern appliqué

That consistent definition means that saying “appliqué” is speaking of a topic c that is both broad and very specific.

That said, applique , according to Women’s Wear Daily, a design technique in which one piece of material to another.

While “appliqué” usually applies to the application of textiles or fabrics. The process can also involve attaching beads, sequins or other embroideries to a garment.

As such, the same applique techniques used to patch the professor’s elbows can decorate quilts. The practice of custom applique and decorative quilting applique is the same.

The basics of appliqué

If application techniques were as simple as joining one piece of fabric or decoration with another, you would assume that the exercise would remain fairly simple. However, that is not the case.


By Kelly (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 License)

Learning how to make applications requires a bit of creativity and variety, depending on the project you want to undertake.

That said, there is still a general pattern of behavior that remains constant through all variations of the application.

Step 1—Align

When you start your application project, you must trace your design on a piece of fabric of your choice or create a template for the fabric to be attached to follow. This makes the project visually easy to follow and helps you avoid mistakes en.

Once a paper design , it can out accordingly and placed on top of the next one. fabric.

Step 2–Cut

From this point you can follow your pattern and cut out your fabric you want to confirm. Be sure to leave a ¼ inch border around the template.

The I will use later spare fabric in the applique process and will also provide you with a little give in to your project.

Step 3—Ironing

Once you have cut your fabric, iron it on the material you want to connect it to. A variety of techniques that will in more detail shortly.

In makes this easier general, this ironing process makes it easier to join the two pieces of fabric together. in the following steps.

Step 4—Freeze

Then, depending on the application method you chose use it, you can peel off the backing paper of your application to secure it or give it some initial stitching.

how to make appliques

By Regi. Rioux (Creative Commons Attribution) -Equal parts 2.0 license)

Anyway, after the attachable fabric , you’ll want to sew around the edges of the piece and create a seamless flow between the base fabric and create your decoration.

And those are the basic principles of application technology! However, there are several variations on the drill that you can use to better suit specific projects or your skill level.

Raw Edge Appliqué

Raw edge applications require less time to sew and can fairly quickly.

This process, According to the authors of Pile O’Fabric, you can use a fusible web or fabric glue to join one piece of fabric or decoration to another.

This technique “raw edge ” because the edges of the attached piece of fabric raw or unfinished.

The sewing that would otherwise secure the piece of fabric to the base is more for decoration than actual security, and that sewing within the edge of the attached fabric.

Reverse Application

Reverse Application forces you to change your appl imu perspective. According to the authors of Patchwork Posse, this process allows you to cut through your base layer of fabric to create the appliques.

This I consider technique fairly simple, but works best if you have a sewing machine at your disposal.

To use a reverse applique, sketch the design of your choice on the base fabric. Then cut away the fabric and sew the edge with a ¼ inch margin.

This technique allows you to add a pop of color to your sewing projects while embracing a slightly different one. looks different from traditio.l applications.

Different application techniques

These are two basic adaptations to standard applications. But beyond that, there are several ways you can attach two pieces of fabric or decorations together.

These I again specialized processes to help you use application on different projects.

There is no particular application technique or variation that is origi.l or better than the rest. Appliqué is very similar in this way to the broader process of sewing: easy to individualize.

Sew and turn

Also known as needlepoint applique, this technique is one of the most traditio.l ways to sew one piece of fabric to another.

how to make appliques

Note that the traditio.lism of this practice does not make this method the best. Rather, it’s up to you to determine what kind of applique technique best suits your taste.

However, applique sewing and turning is fairly easy and stands as a wonderful technique for beginners. hobbyists to watch, according to Janet Fickell of The Spruce Crafts.

Let’s dive into the method.


  • Backing fabric.
  • The application fabric of your choice.
  • An application template, whether homemade.
  • Straight pins.
  • Yarn in correct color.
  • A sewing machine or a needle.
  • Scissors.
  • Marker.


Step 1 – Templates

Choose your template from an online source. Alter.tively you can follow the advice of All People Quilts and make your own origi.l template.

Anyway, once you have a template in front of you, attach it to your uncut piece of applique fabric.

Step 2 – Tracing

Trace the stencil, creating a ¼ inch fabric edge.


When you , cut the pattern from your applique material.

Step 3–Fasten

Secure the applique with straight pins on your backing fabric or project of choice.

Once you are sure of the safety of your piece to be attached, sew machine the applique onto the backing fabric with a straight stitch or hand stitch along the edge.

Step 4—Cleaning

If necessary, use your scissors to trim away loose fabric and smooth out the seams with your marker.

This video shows an example of this application technique.

Fusible Appliqué

If you’re looking for a technique that’s even easier than sewing and turning, Fusible Appliqué is the method for you.

The authors of Phoebe Moon Quilt Designs note that iron-on transfers are some of the most well-known fusible applications available today.

Even more attractive, these patches or similar attachable fabrics can at home.

It’s worth noting, before getting into the materials needed for fusible applications, that there are several fusible webs available that you can use to attach your designs to your backing fabric.

Heat-n-Bond and Steam-a-Seam both sell lightweight webbing which is ideal for these projects.


  • Fusible webbing.
  • Backing fabric.
  • Cut Out Application Design.
  • Scissors.
  • Straight Pins.
  • Thread.
  • Needle
  • Marker.


Step 1 – Templates

Again, you can create a template on which to base your attachable applique, or you can search the web for a variety of ready-made templates.

In either case, once you have a template at your disposal, pin it to your uncut piece of applique fabric.

Step 2—Tracing and Webbing

Trace your pattern onto the applique fabric of your choice and cut it out, leaving the same inch edge for safety.

When you’re done, apply your fusible webbing to the wrong side of the material.

Trace the design the web so that the image reflects the design you want people to see when they look at your finished project.

Step 3–Iron and fix

Please note that the edges of your applique are unprocessed. Therefore, take the applique and iron it onto your preferred backing fabric.

Secure the ironed applique with straight pins. When satisfied, hand sew a border around your applique to clean up the raw edges and remove the straight pins as you work your way through the design.

Simple, clean and clear!

Freezer Paper Appliqué

Freezer paper is a great tool for these crafts, allowing you to imitate fusible tapes as you looking for a more affordable way to customize your project.

applique techniques

By Jen Meister (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 License)


  • Freezer paper.
  • Marker.
  • Bridge fabric.
  • Application fabric.
  • Scissors.
  • Straight Pins.
  • Thread.
  • Needle.
  • Marker.


Step 1 – Templates

You can create a template on which to base your attachable appliqua, or you can search the web for a variety of ready-made templates.

Anyway, once you have a template in front of you, pin it to your uncut piece of appliqua fabric.

You can also trace your template onto an equally sized piece of freezer paper and then cut it out into tracing curtains.

Step 2 – Secure the Freezer Paper

Place the wax side of the freezer paper on the applique fabric. Iron this and your template onto the fabric.

Then cut out the design and leave an inch fabric border around the applique. When you’re done, peel the freezer paper off the back of the design.

Step 3 – Joining the Fabrics

Attach the applique with straight pins to your backing fabric or project of your choice.

Once you are sure of the security of your piece to be attached, machine sew the applique on the back fabric, with a straight stitch or hand stitch along the edge of the appliqua.

Step 4–Cleaning

If necessary, use your scissors to trim bulk fabric and smooth out the seams with your covered marker.

Here is a video showing an example of this application method.

Machine Appliqué

Fi.lly, there is the Machine Appliqué. According to the authors of Pile O’Fabric, machine application is a more automated replacement for the traditio.l process involving many applications to their base fabric.

The process of using a machine application technique is almost identical to that of the sewing and turning process.

However, where you would normally sew an edge by hand (after attaching the ironed appliqua to your base material), you instead turn to a sewing machine and use a zigzag stitch to finish the applique.


The techniques discussed here are just some variations on appliqua used in craft culture today.

They are all simple, easy-to-approach methods, so you can experiment with each method and decide which method is appropriate. it is. best for your own unique project.

Whether you’re adding a special touch to a sweater or adding a touch of style by grating stylish designs onto a quilt, any kind of appliqua ensures that your creation is completely origi.l.

Have you tried application techniques?

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Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is the founder and editor-in-chief of, a site dedicated to those passionate about crafting. With years of experience and research under his belt, he sought to create a platform where he could share his knowledge and skills with others who shared his interests.