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Learn Basic Crochet Stitches: Step-by-Step Tutorials (2024)

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how to do crochet stitchesUnlock your creative potential and learn to crochet like a pro! With this comprehensive guide, you’ll be able to master the six most common stitch types used in crocheting: chain stitch, single crochet, double crochet, treble crochet, half-double crochet, and slip stitches.

We’ll also explore some more advanced techniques that will help take your work up another level. Whether you’re a total beginner or an experienced crafter looking for new skills, these step-by-step tutorials are designed to give you all the knowledge needed on how to do basic as well as intricate stitches with ease.

So let’s get started on unlocking those beautiful projects waiting within our hands!

Key Takeaways

  • The chain stitch is the foundation of crochet and is used to create loops and variations in tension control.
  • Single crochet is a basic stitch that requires maintaining tension, avoiding twisting, and using stitch markers.
  • Double crochet involves a yarn over technique, inserting the hook into stitches, and understanding stitch height and variations.
  • Half double crochet starts with chains and involves a yarn over and pull through all loops technique.

Top 5 Crochet Stitches for Beginners

Top 5 Crochet Stitches for Beginners
When starting out in crochet, there are five essential stitches to learn that will become the foundation of your crochet skills. The chain stitch, single crochet, double crochet, half double crochet, and treble crochet are the top beginner crochet stitches that you’ll use to create all kinds of projects, from scarves to blankets.

Chain Stitch

Your first step to unlocking a world of crocheted creations begins with the versatile chain stitch.

  • Yarn over the hook, pull up a loop. Repeat for the desired length.
  • Chain foundations vary: Loose chain, tight chain, adjustable ring.
  • Popular in starting rows, edgings, straps, and ties.
  • Differs from slip stitch in height and uses.
  • Keep an even tension. Check stitch count.

Single Crochet

Really nailing those single crochets will unlock so many fabulous patterns. Here are some handy tips for mastering the single crochet, avoiding common mistakes, and suggestions for fun single crochet projects and variations to try.

Tip Mistake Pattern
Keep tension Twisting stitches Scarves
Use a stitch marker Inconsistent height Hats
Watch tutorials Skipping bottom loops Amigurumi

Double Crochet

Simply yarn over, poke the hook into a stitch, yarn over again, pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through just two loops, then yarn over and pull through the last two loops—and you’ve made one tall, plush double crochet stitch! Try front post and back post double crochet variations.

Crochet rows of doubles for quick and cozy blanket patterns. Double is taller than single, but not as tall as triple. It creates drape and texture. It is great for beginner scarves, hats, and shawls.

Half Double Crochet

You’ll rapidly stitch rows using half double crochet with the smooth Clover hook and soft Bernat yarn.

  • Start with chains.
  • Yarn over, insert hook.
  • Pull through all loops.

    Half double crochet creates a nice drape for garments. Try it in unique combinations and patterns.

Treble Crochet

Stand taller with the treble crochet for lacy, drapey fabrics. This advanced technique requires delaying gratification to master complex sequences, but it also involves releasing control and flowing through intricate maneuvers.

Gain finesse to create airy fabrics with trebles and experiment with various variations.

How to Crochet a Slip Stitch

How to Crochet a Slip Stitch
Let’s jump right into learning how to crochet a slip stitch!

  1. Make a loop on your hook. Insert the hook into the next stitch. Yarn over and pull the yarn through both the stitch and loop on the hook.
  2. Extended slip stitch: Yarn over before pulling through loops.
  3. Reverse slip stitch: Insert the hook from front to back.


  • Keep stitches loose.
  • Use for seaming and joining.

Versatile uses:

  • Joining round ends.
  • Making an adjustable ring.
  • Creating a firm edge.

Compared to single crochet, slip stitch creates a tighter, less visible seam.

Practice this useful stitch to add to your crochet skills! Master the slip stitch for beautiful, professional finishes.

Exploring More Advanced Crochet Stitches

Exploring More Advanced Crochet Stitches
Surveying advanced crochet stitches will open up intricate new patterns, like a kaleidoscope revealing endless possibilities from simple shapes. The crochet galaxy expands with star stitch, spike stitch, Catherine wheel stitch, and more mystical formations.

Combining basic stitches in innovative ways unlocks advanced techniques. For example, the wavy texture of lemon peel stitch or interlocking front/back post stitches. Take on stitch challenges like the elusive square in a square or tall Jacob’s ladder.

Master complex Tunisian crochet, entrelac, broomstick lace, and freeform crochet. Explore stitch innovations like corner to corner crochet and planned pooling, which create striking results.

As skills progress, intricate dogwood flowers, dragon scales, snowflakes, and geometric motifs emerge from hook and yarn. With an array of stitches to explore, there are always new frontiers in the crochet cosmos.

What Can You Make With the Basic Crochet Stitches?

What Can You Make With the Basic Crochet Stitches
You can make so many wonderful things with just the basic crochet stitches! Start with simple beginner crochet projects like scarves, hats, headbands, and coffee cup sleeves to get comfortable with the stitches.

The single crochet stitch works up quickly into cozy cowls, beanies, and mittens. Combine single crochet with the half double crochet stitch to add beautiful texture to bags, shawls, and blankets. The double crochet creates sturdier fabric perfect for market totes, pouches, and even dog sweaters.

For your first crochet wearable, try an easy crochet baby blanket with the shell or waffle stitch pattern. Mix up stitches like trebles, chains, and slip stitches to design cute amigurumi stďż­ animals.

Don’t limit your creativity – with a crochet hook and yarn, you can make so many wonderful things! Have fun exploring stitch combinations and let the basic techniques spark inspiration for your own custom crochet patterns.

How to Start Crocheting: Tips for Beginners

How to Start Crocheting: Tips for Beginners
With newfound excitement, grab your hook as an explorer claiming unknown lands and dive in headfirst to the wondrous world of fiber arts.

Choosing Yarn: Pick a yarn weight and fiber that suits your project. Start with acrylic or cotton in worsted weight.

Essential Tools: You’ll need a crochet hook, scissors, yarn needle, and stitch markers.

Crochet Hook Sizes: Consult a crochet hook size chart to match hook size to yarn weight.

Avoid stringy, tight stitches by using the suggested hook size for your yarn.

Read patterns thoroughly before starting.

Take your time mastering basic stitches.

Making a gauge swatch ensures proper sizing.

With practice, patience, and passion, you’ll be hooking beautiful creations in no time.

The texture, drape, and versatility of crochet fabrics empower your creative spirit.

How to Crochet a Chain Stitch: Step-by-Step Tutorial

How to Crochet a Chain Stitch: Step-by-Step Tutorial
Next up, we’ll dive into creating that crucial chain stitch.

  1. Grab your crochet hook and yarn. Hold the tail end and loop the yarn over the hook.
  2. Pull this loop through the loop on the hook to make your first chain.
  3. Continue looping the yarn over the hook and pulling through to create the foundation chain.

Chain stitch sets up the foundation. Vary chain stitches for unique looks—try linked chains or alternating colors.

With practice, chain stitch becomes second nature. Soon you’ll confidently begin crochet projects, stitching colorful creations.

How to Single Crochet: a Beginner’s Guide

How to Single Crochet: a Beginner
Now add some texture by mastering the versatile single crochet, the bread and butter stitch that opens doors to scarves, hats, and more.

  • Keep your stitches even by inserting the hook into both loops.
  • Maintain consistent tension while pulling up loops.
  • Wrap the yarn over the hook from front to back.
  • Mind the height by completing each stitch snugly.
  • Crochet over yarn tails later to hide them.

The single crochet creates a dense, tightly woven fabric perfect for amigurumi toys, market bags, and wearables.

This foundational crochet stitch combines with chains and doubles in unique textures like waffle, granite, and lemon peel stitches.

Once you’ve nailed the standard single crochet, try post stitches, linked stitches, and color work for variation.

With practice, single crochet gives you the skills to advance your crochet journey.

How to Double Crochet: Easy-to-Follow Instructions

How to Double Crochet: Easy-to-Follow Instructions
Your crochet project will fly along as double crochet’s taller vertical stitches get worked up quickly with the chunky Bernat yarn and smooth Clover hook.

To work double crochet:

  1. Yarn over the hook.
  2. Insert the hook into the next stitch.
  3. Yarn over and pull up a loop.
  4. Yarn over again and pull through 2 loops.
  5. Yarn over one more time and pull through the last 2 loops.

Double crochet creates a dense, structured fabric that is perfect for warm crochet blankets and garments. Try advanced variations like spike, puff, barn raising, and popcorn double crochet for added texture.

Troubleshoot tangled yarn by slowing down. Combine double crochet with half double and single crochet in exciting new stitch patterns.

How to Half Double Crochet: Step-by-Step Tutorial

How to Half Double Crochet: Step-by-Step Tutorial
Gliding into a sunlit beach, let your hook gently dip into the loops as you yarn over and pull through to swiftly create half double crochet stitches.

To make a half double crochet stitch:

  • Yarn over, insert your hook into the next stitch or chain, yarn over and pull up a loop (3 loops on hook).
  • Yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on the hook.

You’ve made one half double crochet stitch!

Tips for mastering HDC:

  • Maintain even tension as you work.
  • Count your stitches to avoid adding/dropping any.
  • Use a hook size suited for your yarn thickness.

Half double crochet is a great beginner stitch with endless possibilities. Add flair with textured HDC variations or pair it with other stitches in fun projects.

How to Treble Crochet: a Comprehensive Guide

How to Treble Crochet: a Comprehensive Guide
The treble crochet is the tallest basic stitch, giving drapey results. To master the treble crochet:

  1. Yarn over hook twice. Insert the hook into the next stitch. Yarn over again and pull up a loop.
  2. Yarn over and pull through two loops on the hook. Yarn over again and pull through the next two loops.
  3. Yarn over one last time and pull through the remaining two loops on the hook.
  4. Avoid twisting stitches by inserting the hook under both loops of each stitch.

Play with treble crochet variations like crossed trebles and linked trebles for unique textures. Combining trebles with shorter stitches creates visual interest. Use lightweight yarns like DK or sport weight to highlight the drape.

Don’t give up if your tension is irregular at first – relax and gain mastery with practice. Revel in the journey as you liberate your inner artisan. Trebles unlock limitless potential for your next magical crochet creation.


Are you ready to learn the basics of crochet? From chain stitch to advanced stitches like shell stitch and popcorn stitch, you’ve come to the right place. With our step-by-step tutorials, you can learn to crochet all the essential stitches and create amazing projects with ease.

We’ve included tips for beginners so you can get started with confidence. And if you’re feeling adventurous, you can explore even more advanced stitches and techniques. So grab your crochet hook and start creating beautiful things with your own two hands.

Avatar for Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is the founder and editor-in-chief of, a site dedicated to those passionate about crafting. With years of experience and research under his belt, he sought to create a platform where he could share his knowledge and skills with others who shared his interests.