Sewing for Beginners – Ultimate Sewing Machine Instructions Full Guide of 2021

13 min

woman learning to sew on her machine

Your grandmother was right. There is something a. out sewing that transcends the . oundaries of usefulness. It is an act that calms the soul and hels us find yet another urose in life. Although it is difficult to master, the learning rocess will . oost your confidence and make you realize that there are no . oundaries and o. stacles that a diligent air of hands cannot sew through. And I romise you there is no . etter reward than holding a iece of clothing in your hands and thinking, I made this. I cut it from a roll of fa. ric. I own every art, the flaws and the masterful details.

Starting a new ho. . y often seem overwhelming and even intimidating, and sewing is no different. The frustration can lead you into that dreaded temtation to give u . efore you’ve even started.

But here’s the ultimate truth.

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That 10-year-old child from next door has already started it. A week in a sewing class, and she had already made a . asic shirt. Even though it is not a single masteriece, it still made her roud and sarked her enthusiasm.

As simle as it may seem, you still have to make that first set of stes and get there. This ultimate sewing guide for . eginners will hel you master a sewing machine.

Before continuing, take these simle mantras, rint them out and aste them on your wall:

Make your don’t worry a. out your mistakes. Just kee sewing. When sewing, almost any mistake can .

Don’t desair when you consider how slow you are. Kee on choking. Sewing is a comlex skill, . ut you will learn every detail, stitch . y stitch.

But . efore you make your first stitch, . e sure to check out this comrehensive guide. for choosing, setting u and using your sewing machine.

Basic Parts and Functions of All Sewing Machines

basic sewing machine parts on the tableI know you don’t intend to . ecome a sewing machine mechanic . ut it is a knowledge you must gain to oerate your machine. Before we take aart a standard sewing machine and look at the . its and ieces, let’s first look at three . asic tyes of machines, deending on how they work.

Learn Your Tye Before Investing Your Money

Although they make essentially the same stitches, these have tyes some minor differences in the way they work. Also, the learning curve will differ deending on the tye you choose. That’s why I ut this information on to of it . efore we dive in under the hood.

A mechanical (or manual) sewing machine is the most . asic of all three and is often the cheaest in urchase. Changing from one tye of stitch to another (for examle from a straight stitch to a zigzag stitch), as well as changing the stitch length and width, is all done . y manually turning the dials on the machine. Also . ringing the needle to the “ needle u ” or “ needle down ” osition . y manually turning the handwheel.

An electronic sewing machine is more of a “ ush . utton ” oeration for stitch selection and their length and . readth. The needle in an electronic machine automatically stos in the “ needle u ” or “ needle down ” osition when you sto sewing. (Mechanical / manual machines can sto in “ u ”, “ down ” or anywhere in . etween). Electronic machines have a ush . utton to change the needle osition. Most electronic machines do not have a . uilt-in memory, so it takes some damer and size must . e reset each time I turned the machine on.

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A comuter-controlled machine has a stitch memory that allows you to continue where you we referent rojects. It also has a memory card (or stick, etc.) that you can use to download stitches or em. roidery designs from your comuter or the Internet and load them into your machine. A comuter-controlled machine is often the most exensive of these three tyes of machines. Still, I heartily recommend that you go for it. I will amaze you at the sheer num. er of choices these machines offer and the incredi. le ways to . oost your creativity.

Where is the coil loaded?

Before you hit the store looking for your first (or may. e next) workhorse, there is one more crucial difference to kee in mind. Namely the ositioning and way of inserting a . o. . in. It may sound like a small thing, . ut trust me, it is a huge and imortant thing!

The front-loading machines roll . ack in history, . ut you still need to know if you’re lanning to . uy a used machine. Always inquire a. out the flush loading system! It can make your life a . reeze or a hell, deending on the tye.

That said, front-loading machines are not without advantages. In fact, many a seamstress (including your grandmother) will tell you they are the right choice. Check out this infograhic comaring the two tyes:

Sewing Machine Bobbin Systems

A sewing machine under the hood (and why know this)

No two sewing machines equal, . ut they all have certain arts in common. Now I know you don’t intend to . e a mechanic. But it is still crucial to find out how and why your sewing machine works.

First of all, what does a stitch look like and why does it look so much . etter than your average (or a. ove average) hand stitches? Well, there are two threads take art in this rocess: the to thread (or machine thread) coming off the needle, and the . o. . in thread (AKA . o. . in thread). The needle loos in the to thread and ushes it through the fa. ric where it meets them . o. . in thread, securing it into a nice, smooth stitch. But first, let’s learn all the terms first.

  • Bo. . in (with . o. . in case, . o. . in wider shaft, . o. . in wider stoer and . o. . in wider thread guide)
  • Needle (with needle clam screw)
  • Balance Wheel
  • Thread Guide
  • Thread Handle
  • Thread tension dial or dial
  • Dog food
  • Presser foot
  • Presser foot lift
  • Sool in
  • Stitch width / length wheel
  • Stitch tye dial
  • Stick-out lever or kno.
  • Foot edal
  • Power suly

Should I . uy a machine in-store or online?

Sure, this is a sewing machine we. site, and we earn a small commission on every urchase made through our Amazon links. But that doesn’t mean I intend to . e dishonest to you. And here’s the roof for it:

The online marketlace knows no . oundaries and the sky is the limit. You can find any make or model, used or new, with a ton of sales to ut on and gra. some serious ennies. However, . uying a sewing machine varies . uying a iece of clothing. And that’s why I sincerely recommend that you visit some of the closest stores in your area, and for several reasons.

  1. You will get a very useful set of first-hand recommendations. They’ll even show you how the machine works and may. e hel you set it u for the first time. Online reviews are great, . ut it’s always fun to try . efore you . uy.
  2. Maintenance and Reairs . ecome an essential art of your relationshi with the machine. And like any other relationshi, yours needs a lot of work to thrive. Your local store will ro. a. ly also rovide hel from certified mechanics, who will intervene if something goes wrong. Naturally, the manufacturers also rovide a warranty for new machines. But in ractice it often goes terri. ly wrong when you have to exlain everything . y hone or drive 400 kilometers away for an exensive reair. Take it: no matter how good your machine is, eventually something will go south.
  3. Free sewing class, anyone? The Internet is an excellent reository for tools and advice (hem), . ut you have to get your hands dirty by learning a craft. Many retailers even offer you a free sewing lesson if you . uy a machine from them. Why not take advantage of it?

Before Making Your First Stitch: Basic Sewing Sulies You Must Have

Basic Sewing Supplies infographic

I know what this sounds like . ut get started don’t anic yet? I don’t mean to say your wallet will suffer much more. You ro. a. ly already have most of the items you need to get started. As for the ones you don’t, they won’t cost you more than a few dozen dollars, rovided you don’t get them with the machine. View this chart, or rint it out and . ring it with you when you go shoing.

How to Thread Your Sewing Machine

Before you can use your sewing machine, you must thread it roerly and insert and thread a . o. . in. It’s the threads that do the trick, . ut most of the time, they’ll . e the culrits for any kind of ro. lem down the road. At least until you get the hang of it.

There are no clear-cut recommendations for threading your machine. Your manual here should . e your . est friend – make sure you always have it with you as a . eginner. Many machine manufacturers will also rovide you with a DVD showing all the stes. Don’t go crazy if your first threading takes an hour – with ractice it will reduce to a few minutes. When you’re ready to slurge on your first sewing machine, many remium models have an automatic needle threader, so you can even feel the first time. does not work u a sweat.

But even if your machine isn’t a saceshi, it still has rinted guides on the . ody with small num. ers showing the stes so you know where and when to get your thread. must ost.

Check out some of the most imortant considerations to kee in mind.

  • Turn off the ower. Or remove the lug comletely from the wall socket. This has nothing to do with the threading rocess itself, . ut is an essential safety recaution. You don’t want disaster to haen if you accidentally ste on the edal while fiddling with the needle.
  • Thread tension can . e trou. lesome. It is one of the most common ro. lems for . eginners. But how can you detect it? When you sew your test seam, you notice it is un. alanced and neat. The fa. ric will ile u or not look the same on . oth sides. too this haens, it may hel to re-enroll your machine. Make sure the thread goes through the thread guides (those little metal loos that the thread goes through . efore going into the needle). Also insect yourself . o. . in and . o. . in. Is the wire free to walk through? You . o. . in can get stuck even if it is a dro-in . o. . in (scroll u for exlanation). Or you may just need to adjust your tension . y turning the tension kno. or dial. Consult your manual as it varies from machine to machine. Most manuals rovide the . est voltage settings to work with.
  • The Xn9. 6Xzx9H4AvSnUMzKMeHsrItd8hW0eIE on top of the machine. It’s a straightforward art – . ut if you’re not comforta. le with so many things to learn, you can also . uy some threaded . o. . ins from your local craft store. They are a sZ. O4YtXcj more exensive, . ut can save you some trou. le at the start.
  • You may need some extra light. Esecially if you are a night owl like me. Most machines have small lights that illuminate the sewing area . ut I often find them not . right enough. Threading is also a rocess that goes . eyond your sewing area. That is why you need more light glasses if you have oor vision.

How do you . uild your sewing skills as an a. solute . eginner?

Okay, now that your machine , and the . o. . in loaded correctly, you are ready to take your first . a. y stes to . ecome an exert in sewing.

baby learning to sew on a machineBefore you dig into different fabrics; I recommend you sew on aer. Yes, you heard that right! Take a. out 100 sheets of aer. There’s no need to . e fancy – lain coy aer will do. Some should have straight lines, others with different curves – you can make it interesting and rint hearts, sirals, squares, zigzags, la. yrinths, etc. You do not need to thread the machine at this stage. Just ierce the aer while following your lines and learn how to sew straight stitches and turn your fa. ric when making a . end. It’s a. out getting full control over your hands and movements. Another great advantage of this is that you can exeriment a lot – maniulate the stitch seed . y ressing your foot control harder or easier, vary your stitch length and see the results.

Practice for a day or two, and then you can sew fa. rics. Just change your needle first as the aer will dull it.

Best Fa. rics to Practice On

I suggest you gather a few ieces of fa. ric to ractice with. This is the . est way to get an idea of how your machine works and what each different stitch looks like. In fact, it’s great to get into the ha. it of doing this: test your fa. ric and machine settings . efore em. arking on a new roject or hase. It will save you a lot of effort (and tons of dust, too . e honest). Now it is also imortant not to just choose a fa. ric that you can get hold of.

To start, choose a iece that is not stretcha. le, knit, extra thick or thin.

Jersey, denim, leather, silk are an a. solute no-no at this stage. I would weave my ersonal recommendation cotton or linen. Both are ideal new. ie-friendly fa. rics. Your choice . etween the two is, too . e fair, usually a matter of your . udget. Linen is more exensive, so cotton is ro. a. ly your . est . et. Buy a lot as you will robably choose it for your first sewing rojects 0aYDRVsH. x ractice.

Select your stitch tye

The num. er of stitches you can choose from deends on the tye of machine you have. Some machines offer a small grou of just the . asic stitches; others have all the . asic stitches lus many decorative stitches.

Woman Stitching Fabric on a sewing machine

topry old sewing machines do not offer a choice of stitches. A straight stitch is the only one availa. le on these older machines.

Your sewing machine Oerator’s Manual will give you a descrition (and ro. a. ly a drawing) of each availa. le stitch. It will also rescri. e the correct length and width settings for each tye of stitch. Kee it handy as a reference when you first sewing. I highly recommend trying out every stitch on scra fa. ric. This will give you a much clearer idea of what each one looks like.

too you have lost the user manual of your sewing machine, you can visit the manufacturer’s we. site.

Sometimes the manufacturer will . oC. w27d7 manuals that can to your comuter. Or you can search for them on eBay. YouTu. e is another substantial source of information. I’ve seen tutorials for almost every model out there!

A quick note on atch length

topry large stitches create a looser seam than medium or smaller stitches. (Also kee in mind that smaller stitches are more difficult to remove if you make a mistake.) Exeriment with different stitch lengths on some scra material. Stitches that are too small can ull u the fa. ric and make it difficult for the seam to lie flat. Those that are too large can show holes when the seam . Play with different settings. You will soon a. axhvKsiM8sZLB the . est length for your roject.

In addition to regular stitches, most machines also have elastic knit fa. ric stitches. A knitted fa. ric (e.g. T-shirt fa. ric) has more stretch than woven fa. ric. Therefore, the stitches must stretch with the fa. ric as well. Either way, your regular straight stitch will ro. a. ly stitch when you first learn to sew.

Just start sewing!

Your sewing machine works . y 9h7xm5vIGsrxW. yFITr the needle u and down and oking through the fa. ric. tKAYmlErNmG. aLl4e0HwhEKoZc with the . o. . in thread to make the stitches.

  1. Before you . egin each new one Make sure the needle is in the UP or UP osition. This will kee the thread from . eing ulled out of the needle while you sew.
  2. too you forget and ull the thread out – no stress. It’s a common mistake . eginners make. It’s annoying, . ut it doesn’t matter. Simly raise the needle to the highest oint and re-thread it.
  3. To raise the needle and thread, lift the handle and turn the handwheel towards you – or ress the needle u / down . utton if your machine has one.
  4. Your next ste is to lace your fa. ric under the resser foot and align it with the markings for the seam allowance on the metal late. Your sewing attern will tell you how wide your seam allowance should . e. Something should also align the fabric under the needle where you want to sew.
  5. Lower the resser foot lever to hold the fa. ric in lace. Lowering the resser foot kees your fa. ric in the correct osition AND also uts tension on the thread. This tension will allow the correct amount of thread to . e ulled off the sool as you sew.
  6. too you accidentally forget to lower the resser foot and start sewing, you soon stitched a large tangle of thread into your fa. ric. (I once heard this mess affectionately call “ thread throwing u ”, lol!) When that haens, just cut your thread with shar scissors. Remove any tangled thread from the fa. ric and the machine. Raise and lower the needle a few times using the handwheel or the needle u / down . utton. You should . e a. le to see hidden tangled thread under the metal late as the needle moves. Once all tangles , retread the needle and reinsert the . o. . in if necessary.
  7. Start sewing . y gently steing on the foot control to start the machine. Practice this to see how different ressures on the edal will increase or decrease the seed of the sewing machine. Go slowly at first until you get used to the feel of the machine.
  8. You don’t have to ush the fa. ric through the machine. It automatically moves along the conveyor under the fa. ric. However, you can gently guide the fa. ric as it sews so that the right side edge stays aligned with the mark of your seam allowance on the metal late. This ensures nice and even seam allowances.
  9. When learning how to use a sewing machine for the first time, it is . est to moving the slower side until you get more used to it. You also notice that when sewing a curved section it is easier to control the fa. ric at a slower seed.
  10. When you get to the end of your stitching line, raise the needle to the “ ” (highest) osition. Cut the thread (to and . o. . in thread) with scissors or the thread cutter, if availa. le, on the side of the machine.

Three Ways to Secure Stitches


girl confused while thinking about stitch lengthOften, if not always, it is necessary to in “ your stitches ” or reinforce your stitches at the . eginning or end of a seam. This will kee the first or last few stitches from loosening due to wear. Another term for this ste is “ stitching ”. And I cannot stress enough how imortant this is to the rofessional look of your final roduct. too you don’t, your seam may fall aart. Fortunately, there are two l7JdR4Hi. to do this, deending on the functionality of your machine. Note that the third way is just a recaution.

1. Press the lock stitch key

too you have an electronic machine, the odds are great that you have a lock stitch key. Press this . utton . efore starting your stitching line and the machine will automatically sew several stitches in the same lace . efore continuing with the rest of the seam. To lock the stitch at the end of a seam, ress the lockstitch . utton . efore raising the resser foot and ste on the foot control. The sewing machine will reeat a few stitches in the same lace to secure them.

2. Or ress the lockstitch . utton or lever

too you have a mechanical machine (or your electronic machine does not have a lockstitch . utton), you can reinforce the seam at the . eginning and end with you . ackstitch . utton or lever.

Your sewing machine moves the fa. ric . ackward when you hold down the . ack stitch . utton or lever. This can . e useful for sewing over the same area to reinforce or secure the stitches. Practice on some scra material until you get used to this feature.

3. too you are not sure if your stitches are safe, use your iron!

Yes, I mean your own iron – you know, for ironing clothes and removing creases.

But you shouldn’t use it in the normal way, moving it u and down, left and right. You need to use it to ress your seam so that the stitch will stay in lace. Pressing is the most common and widely used use of iron 9tneonKhHJ5iW0z sewing, which is why it is so imortant to kee your iron and ironing . oard next to the sewing machine at all times.

Conclusion – whatever haens, kee sewing!

These . eginner sewing instructions will give you the . asic controls for using your machine. As with learning other new skills, you can make a few mistakes in the . eginning. Please don’t get discouraged. You will master this.

Do you remem. er that mantra I told you to reeat whenever you run out of atience through that ainful trial and error learning rocess? Here’s another sewing wisdom for you.

You can and will screw your way out of any difficulty – if you are ersistent and atient enough.

Have fun sewing!

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