What Are the Types of Sewing Machine? Full Guide of 2021

4 min


Sewing machines come in many styles. Read and understand the different sewing machines before purchasing one.

A sewing machine is used to sew fabric and some other materials together with different threads. Until the first industrial revolution, hand did sewing. They created these machines to reduce the effort and time required for manual sewing. From that time until now, the sewing machine has undergone many transformations. Sewing machines we use at home diverge from industrial ones.

What are the sewing machines?

There are are different sewing machines, and we will tell you more about them. They based the difference on general and technical classification. It also depends on how and where we want to use them.

Household sewing machine

This is the most common sewing machine people have at home. It is relatively easy to use and can do almost any type of sewing you need to do at home. The simplest have straight stitching, while some have decorative stitching such as zigzag and buttonhole stitches.

Industrial sewing machine

A household machine cannot sew many layers of fabric or sew for a long time. This is where industrial machines come into the picture. This makes it easy to sew all kinds of fabrics and other materials for a long time without a break. The stitches are the same. These sewing machines can work at high speeds and finish the job in less time. They are more expensive than household sewing machines. We can classify industrial sewing machines into 4 main types according to the design of their arm and needle bar.

  • Flat Bed

It looks like a traditional sewing machine. The arm and needle extend to the flat base. We mainly used it for flat sewing of pieces of material

  • Cylinder bed

There is a narrow, horizontal column as a cylinder. The substance or other material passes through and under the column. I use it for cylindrical sewing pieces such as cuffs.

  • Pile bed

There is a vertical column that protrudes above the flat base of the machine. The column has bobbins and grabs. I use these in the manufacture of gloves, boots and for attaching decals.

  • Off-the-arm

With these types of machines, someone has to feed material along the axis of the horizontal arm. We used it when sewing the sleeves and shoulders of a dress.

Manual sewing machines

  • Manual

This used to be very popular and was usually the only option available. There is a lever that you turn manually to keep the machine running. It takes a lot of time and you must have the skill to do it effectively.

  • Treadle

This is also manual, but it has a basic kickstand that you have to kick. There is a belt that moves when you pedal and operate the wheel. This leaves both hands free.

Mechanical sewing machines

These machines have a few knobs that you can turn to change certain settings. You can set stitch length, width, etc. For people who want simple sewing and embroidery, these can be a good option. They have an electric motor, but they are not fully electronic machines.

Electric/Electronic Sewing Machines

It has many options different stitching techniques and styles. It has multiple built-in stitching options. It has a computer that controls all motors and aloes checks. Highly advanced machines also boast LCDs and touchscreens.

Computerized sewing machine

A computerized sewing machine is like an electronic machine, but with programs and settings. You can create more intricate embroidery combinations. They may have automatic needle threading, stitch selector, speed control, etc. It is more expensive than the other options, but if you intend to take your sewing seriously and maybe even take small orders, this sewing machine is worth it.

Mini Sewing Machines

This is a portable sewing machine and will do minor stitching, alterations, repairs, adjustments, etc. You don’t need a lot of space, and these are quite cheap. Although they to be as good as a large sewing machine, they are not. They have limited effectiveness and cannot handle heavy materials. When used correctly, they are a useful product.

Lockstitch machine

This refers to the sewing machines used for both straight and zigzag stitching of seams. It uses two wires, one from the coil and the other from the top. The stitching looks the same on both sides. Heavy-duty machines for industrial sewing or sewing activities.

Chain stitch machine

This machine makes a Chain stitch to sew on fabric with only one thread. Thread loops around under the fabric to form a chain of stitches. You can sew straight or zigzag. We can use it for binding two borders or even for decorative purposes.

Sergers

This is a multifunctional sewing machine that can do a lot. Seams and edges efficiently. It works well with knitwear or other stretchy fabrics. Some people call it an over-lock or over-edge machine. Some overlook machines even have a cutter that automatically trims edges while we sewed the overlook along the edges.

Long Arm Quilting Machine

If you like quilting, you will love this machine. These come with more workspace and on some machines it is possible to add extensions for more space. You can get computerized or mechanical quilting machines that can automatically assist with designs and patterns at the touch of a button.

Sewing machines that embroidery only

These for various types of embroidery. They already have many designs and patterns built in. Some even have USB ports so you can input any design you want. Some machines have editing functions that allow you to come up with new designs. Some modern machines even have a display to show you a preview of the design.

Button fastening machine

These machines for fastening buttons on dresses. BIqsua32zgrXlHpXt1fWGYS9vg1ot3Ov for this. It is an automatic machine and makes it easy to attach buttons.

Bar Tacking Sewing Machine

These machines produce a range of stitches to hide wear and tear in garments. We usually use these in areas such as pocket openings, pleats, buttonholes, collar corners,. They are used to increasing the strength and durability of stitches.

Double Needle Sewing Machine

This machine has two needles and two bobbins. It produces two parallel rows of stitches. It can adjust the distance to a certain extent. We used these for decorative purposes and for safer sewing.

Related questions

What kind of machine should you use starting as a beginner?

You should start with a primary sewing machine that can perform all the essential functions. Don’t waste your money on a very complicated machine that can stop you from learning. There are many people who start with great enthusiasm but realize that sewing is not their thing. Choose something that is easy to use and handle.

Why does the machine not sew properly?

There may be there are many reasons for this, but try re-threading the upper thread and bobbin. Crummock sure you have the correct needle and thread for your project. The machine will work correctly. If the problem persists, call a technician.

Why is the coil voltage not constant?

If you should constantly adjust the tension of the bobbin thread, then check the bobbin. Plastic bobbins can wear out quickly with use. They can become loose in the housing and not work fully. You can try a metal coil and see if this solves the problem.


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