Skip to Content

The Parts of a Sewing Machine Explained 37 Sewing Machine Parts Explained | for Beginners (With Images 2024)

This site is supported by our readers. We may earn a commission, at no cost to you, if you purchase through links.

Here’s an explanation of all the various parts that comprise the sewing machine

We have made a photo showing all the parts you see from the front, the back, the top, and also around the needle and also presser foot. We have actually phoned number each product to make it as simple as feasible to name them.

2 ways to use this guide: 1) Check out the image listed below with numbers for every part as well as find the name of each component listed below. 2) Open the “Table of Content” component below and also click directly to every component to see exactly how it works and what it does.


We have actually amplified the location around the needle/presser foot to make it simpler to see each component.

In this guide, you discover all the various parts of the sewing machine Both the parts under the bed (the lower parts as well as the upper parts of the machine around the needle and the presser foot.

Overview of the sewing machine parts

Below’s a list of the names of the parts

  1. Handwheel
  2. LCD show (just on computerized equipments)
  3. Bobbin winder stopper
  4. Bobbin winder spindle
  5. String spool pin
  6. Bobbin winder stress disc
  7. Take-up lever
  8. Steel overview for upper thread
  9. Tension Dial
  10. Rate control bar
  11. Reverse switch
  12. Start/stop button
  13. Needle screw
  14. Bobbin lid launch button
  15. Needle
  16. Presser foot releaser
  17. Integrated needle threader
  18. Presser foot
  19. Feed teeth
  20. Bobbin cover (transparent)
  21. Bobbin
  22. Extended Arm
  23. Presser foot lifter
  24. Light
  25. Feed teeth bar (reduced it for free activity sewing or sewing on a button)
  26. Manage
  27. Electric Cord
  28. Feature Buttons
  29. Setting button
  30. Metal guide for upper string
  31. Free arm (excellent for sewing anything circular like pants hems or cuffs.
  32. Foot pedals (now shown on the picture above)

Explanation of each part of the sewing machine

1 Handwheel

Transform the handwheel to move the needle up-and-down. Constantly make certain you turn the handwheel towards you and never ever the various other direction.

On mechanical designs , you might find 2 handwheels. The one at the side right side of the machine would move the needle up and also down as well as you will utilize it whenever you quit sewing, to relocate the needle from the material.

You will need to pull the handwheel out before beginning to wind of bobbin. This is to ensure that the needle doesn’t go up as well as down while you wind the bobbin. On some devices must do this a little in different ways. Rather than drawing the handwheel, you loosen a smaller wheel placed in addition to the handwheel.

The various other handwheel is used to choose between the numerous stitches the machine can do.

2 LCD display (just on digital machines)

If you have a computerized sewing machine you will certainly have a digital screen. On this screen, you could find details such as stitch size, sew width, tension level etc.

On several of the much more costly as well as advanced digital models, the LCD display can likewise reveal pictures of the stitches you have selected. In this manner you can always see exactly what you’re doing.

If you have a m echanical model, you will not have a digital display and also you will certainly pick all the settings with the two handwheels rather.

3 Bobbin winder stopper

Whenever you need to wind thread on a bobbin, you will certainly be pleased you have this component.

It will certainly quit the winding when the bobbin is full. If for one reason or another your machine does not have this little bobbin winder stopper you require to be actually mindful when you wind a bobbin. You must view it meticulously and also release the foot pedal by hand as soon as the bobbin spindle is virtually full.

4 Bobbin winder pin

This is where you place your bobbin when you desire to wind it.

You press it down on the spindle and also lock it in position by pushing it to the side. Now you are ready to begin winging thread to the bobbin, as soon as you have placed the string around the bobbin winder disc (see point 6). Always bear in mind to stop the needle from moving before you begin winding (see factor 1).

5 Thread spindle pins

The spool pin is where you place your top thread. The majority of devices will certainly have two spool pins so you can function with twin needles. With the doubles needle, you will certainly have two upper threads.

This is wonderful for sewing hems as well as for numerous embellishing projects.

6 Bobbin winder tension disc

This little middle component is made use of when you wind much more string on a bobbin. The thread requires the correct amount of tension to function appropriately.

First, you put the bobbin on the winder spindle (see factor 4) And after that you pull out a long item of thread and also transform it around the bobbin winder tension disk. This is to see to it that the string is maintained tight and does not obtain all entangled up.

When the attention is appropriate you will certainly see the thread relocating up and also down the bobbin as you started winding. This is to ensure that the thread is winded equally across the size of the bobbin. You can additionally manage the instructions of the string with the screwdriver, by pressing it a little up-and-down while winding.

7 Take-up lever

The take-up lever is a really integral part of the machine You constantly need to make certain that the leading string goes around this component before you start sewing If you fall short to do so you will definitely get birdnesting when you begin sewing

The take-up lever will fluctuate for its stitch the machine does. And every time it does so it will certainly tighten up the stitch to make it better. This is exactly why your evil bird nesting if you stop working to utilize it, Because case the stitches would certainly not obtain tightened.

Make certain constantly to examine with your guidebook if you are in doubt regarding just how to thread your machine correctly.

8 Metal guides for top string

You require to see to it the upper fret goes around this part.

You lead your string by doing this around prior to you put it around the take-up bar. If you’re stopping working to do so the thread will certainly obtain screwed up on the textile.

9 Tension Dial

parts sewing machine

Stress is a vital aspect of sewing

You always need to see to it the top string (as well as the reduced string) is having the appropriate stress prior to you start. The stress of the leading thread (the needle thread) can be changed with this dial. Some machines would do this automatically and also you will not need to consider stress as a lot, while on older machines you need to do this by hand each time.

The stress is typically established between 3-4 yet it can go all the method from 0 till 5 on a lot of makers. If you don’t recognize exactly how to set it simply start out in the middle placement (most likely 3).

The tension for the bobbin thread, nonetheless, is adjusted on the bobbin case with a little screw as we will certainly see later on (see factor 21).

10 Speed control bar

A lot of sewing equipments will certainly let you readjust the rate of the machine This is gauged as the number of stitches the machine will certainly do per minute. Some makers will certainly do 800 and various other machines will reconstruct till 1,200 stitches per min.

If you are offering truly lengthy pieces of textiles (like drapes), you can establish it at broadband so as to get finished. However, if you buy sewing fine little information you can set the speed to the most affordable setting.

11 Reverse switches

On new machines like the one above, you would certainly have a reverse switch put around below.

For older models, you will have a mechanical button put to the right or next to the take-up bar. It would most likely say turned around on the machine close to the switch.

reverse lever button

You will usually utilize this button whenever you start or complete a seam. Here you desire an added layer of stitches and also as opposed to raising the footer up-and-down you can simply use the reverse switch to go back and also forth a number of times.

By doing so, you see to it the stitches would not come reversed when you begin pulling them.

12 Start/stop switches

Having a start/stop switch on your machine enables you to sew without utilizing the foot pedal.

It’s a terrific alternative to have especially if your feet begin to injure after a while. If you are sewing lots of hours daily, you certainly need a beginning switch on the machine so you don’t need to make use of the foot. Maintaining a continuous stress on the foot pedal can be hard, so it’s a truly wonderful choice to be able to utilize the switches on the machine instead.

13 Needle screws

This is where you secure the screw. Always make certain to secure the screw snugly so it does not drop off while sewing Or else, your needle might drop out of the machine Older models will certainly have a bigger dial so you can secure it tight sufficient with your fingers. More recent designs will come with a little screwdriver to fasten the screw.

14 Bobbin cover launch switches

This is where is your open the cover to the bobbin. The machine to utilize the top loaded bobbin We likewise have a great deal of devices with a front-loaded bobbin system , which will locate the bobbin in an upright setting in front of you.

Numerous European designs will make use of the front-loaded bobbin system, as well as in the states, it’s possibly 50-50

15 Needle

This is your needle.

You require to make certain you’re using the appropriate middle dimension and kind. Below you’ll locate an overview to everything you require to understand about needles.

16 Presser foot release

The presser foot release will allow you raise the presser foot up to have the ability to access the fabric. On various other sorts of devices, you will alter the presser foot by releasing a rather big screw. Constantly inspect with your handbook if you do not recognize exactly just how to do this on your details machine

Some crescent feet will have the shank mounted to the presser foot itself. In that instance, you require to get rid of the shank currently mounted on your machine in order to place the brand-new presser foot.

17 Built-in needle threader

This is an actually good choice to carry your machine

The built-in needle threader will automatically string the needle for you. You just relocate the thread slowly down the needle (from the leading towards an all-time low) as well as the system will certainly insert the thread right into the needle for you. This is a must-have function on your machine if you are visually damaged.

If you do not have the alternative you can likewise make use of a self-threading needle to make threading easier. With the self-threading needle (likewise called handicap needles), you can thread the needle without needing to locate the eye on the needle with the thread.

18 Presser foot

The presser foot is utilized to keep the material in location when you stitch. As the name suggests, it will push down on the textile to make certain the material actions and also remain in position.

Normally we will make use of a universal presser foot (also called all-purpose presser foot) yet we also wish to have other presser feet to pick from. When you stitch with plastic you require the presser foot to be covered under so it doesn’t stick right into the vinyl.

Various other sorts of presser feet include:

  • versatile feet
  • zipper foot
  • buttonhole foot
  • button sewing foot
  • blind hem foot
  • satin stitch foot
  • open toe foot
  • overcasting foot
  • embroidery foot
  • rolled hem foot
  • straight sew
  • walking foot
  • and a lot more.

If you have a basic version it will most likely just have a few various feet to choose from. This is just great. For a lot of sewing projects you do not need all the special kinds of presser feet.

19 Feed teeth

The feed teeth (additionally called feed dogs) are what makes the material move along as you quit sewing

It does so by doing a turning action up-and-down while pressing your fabric far from you. Each time the needle goes up and also down, the feed teeth also do this circular activity to push your textile simply a little further.

Since the feed teeth will certainly pull the fabric for you as you stitch, you must never force the material by pressing or pulling it.

So if you’re sewing machine doesn’t draw the textile properly you need to make sure that the feet teeth are in the right setting (see factor 25).

You can use the feed teeth bar (see factor 25) to decrease the teeth so they will not draw the textile along. A lot more regarding that at factor 25.

20 Bobbin lid (clear)

Newer equipment will have a transparent cover into the bobbin area. You can have a clear lid for top-loaded bobbins in addition to front-loaded bobbin systems. It’s a really good attribute as you can keep track of how much string is left on the bobbin.

You intend to open the lid from time to time to clean the machine Every second time you change the bobbin string you need to offer your machine a good clean. Dust will constantly build-up as you stitch as well as it can maintain your machine from operating effectively.

21 Bobbin

The bobbin spoon is your lower thread. When the machine is threaded correctly, you can turn the handwheel towards you to bring up the bobbin string. The bobbin is put in the bobbin instance.

On the frontloaded machine you will constantly have a steel bobbin situation And on the top-loaded machine, you can either have a bobbin case constructed from plastic or steel. We choose to have a bobbin case made from steel as it’s even more long lasting. The needle may hit the bobbin situation every so often and also it does not create as numerous troubles when you have a steel situation.

If you desire to alter the tension of the bobbin thread you can do so with the little screw outside the bobbin instance. Usually this is not something you wish to adjust But often you will certainly have to if the stress is too loosened or as well tight. You can learn more below concerning setting the stress of the bobbin.

22 Extended Arm

An extensive arm is a cool function whenever you’re doing jobs with large pieces of fabric.

It adds even more area and allow you to keep the fabric ready. Some machines will certainly have an integrated extensive armed and on other devices, it’s a separate extended arm that you can handle and off. Long arms are excellent for quilting jobs and on the commercial sewing machine, you will certainly usually find a lengthy arm.

When you move off the prolonged arm, you can access the area with great deals of devices for your machine This is where you generally keep extra needles, added bobbins, brushes, the screwdriver, and also all that excellent stuff for your machine

23 Presser foot lifter

You can utilize this little take care of to lift the presser foot up.

You need to do so whenever you intend to move the textile or possibly you wish to alter the needle. You also intend to ensure the presser foot is up when you are threading your machine

If you leave it down (while threading) you will jam the machine as well as you will most likely have birdnesting problems. Make certain you lower the presser foot before you begin sewing

24 Light

Around below you’ll have a little light bulb to lighten up the sewing room.

Some equipment will certainly have 2 lights installed so you don’t obtain any shadows. You may also have the option to turn the illuminate and down. This can be helpful when you’re sewing at nighttime.

The little lightbulbs should be in between 15- 20 watts. Always make certain to examine your handbook so you get the right light bulb for your machine

25 Feed teeth bar

When you intend to do a cost-free motion sewing you should decrease the teeth.

We do that to quit the teeth from drawing the material as we start sewing It’s the same point when you are sewing on a switch. In this case, we likewise desire to disable the teeth from pulling the fabric, so we can sew in the direction we want.

On some equipment, the feed teeth bar will be positioned somewhere else. If you can not locate it you must examine your guidebook. You wish to locate the button switch with this icon:

feed teeth lever symbol

The triangular represent the teeth.

On the first sign, the teeth are up over the table as well as will certainly be prepared to move your material as you sew. On the 2nd symbol, the teeth are reduced and also will not touch (relocation) your textile when you sew.

26 Handle

The take care of is placed on top of the machine to make it easy to move it.

27 Electrical Cord

This is where you place the electric cable.

It can additionally be positioned on the rear of the machine at the bottom. Constantly ensure your machine is using the right cord as well as obtain the correct amount of voltage. In Europe, it’s common to use 220 volts as well as in the states, we make use of around 110 volts. Some machines will collaborate with 220 volts along with 110 volts while are various other machines can only perform at 110 Volts. So ensure to check your manual prior to you connect in your sewing machine if you are in doubt.

So if you are taking a trip with your sewing machine you need to see to it you’re not over-powering with the incorrect amount of watts.

28 Function Buttons

This is where you pick which kind of sew you will certainly be utilizing.

If you are making use of an older model or a mechanical design, you will not have these buttons. Instead, you would certainly have another handwheel to pick the stitches. This handwheel will usually be put at the appropriate side of the front on the machine

29 Mode button

The setting switch is one-of-a-kind to this kind of Singer machine It allows you to choose in between various settings on the LCD display.

You will certainly find comparable switches on most electronic sewing equipments. The digital models all have different setups as well as buttons so you will need to inspect your guidebook or the instructional DVD that included your machine

30 Metal overview for top string

Right here’s another metal overview to ensure your thread relocates properly.

You require threading your machine meticulously. The string requires to go around all the little overviews as well as discs. Otherwise, you will certainly get the incorrect tension on the string or you will certainly experience birdnesting as you start sewing

31 Free Arm

A lot of sewing devices will certainly have a free arm.

When you relocate the accessory compartment you will have far better access to the arm. This is called a cost-free arm. This is excellent for sewing anything round like trousers hems or cuffs due to the fact that you secure free accessibility to the needle location.

32 Foot pedals

The foot pedal is out the photo at the top of the article. You use the foot pedal to control the speed of the machine as well as when you launch it, the machine quits. It will commonly be made from plastic but in some cases, it’s made from steel. Take a look at this post, if you had any kind of issues with your foot pedal.

If you have a beginning switch on the machine (see component 12) you can additionally select to stitch without the foot pedal. You just use that button to begin as well as quit your machine It’s an actually terrific choice if you are experiencing problems with your feet or if your sewing for extended periods of time.

Summary of the sewing machine accessories parts

Let’s have a look at some of the accessory parts that typically come with your machine

It differs a lot the number of parts the business include. For the standard model’s you will not get a lot of things as well as for the much more advanced models, like the one we showed at the top of this page, you’ll obtain an entire bunch of things.

However the items below will certainly be included in the box for almost any kind of sewing machine models.

sewing machine accessory parts

Names of the accessory parts

33. Brush 34. Seam Ripper 35. Screw Driver 36. Extra bobbins 37. Quilting bars

Accessory parts explained

33. Brush

You can utilize this little brush to cleanse your machine It’s really essential to never ever utilize an air blower to clean your machine Due to the fact that if you do so, you will just press the lint as well as dirt additionally into the machine, where it can truly price difficulties.

Instead, you can use this little brush and you can likewise carefully vacuum your machine around all the relocating parts There are many parts of the machine which are tough to get to with the little brush, so here you can utilize the vacuum. Begin with the least expensive suction setting, and see to it you do not gobble the bobbin etc.

The bobbin area is especially difficult to tidy, so we assemble a little overview below: Guide to cleaning up the bobbin location.

34. Seam Ripper

You can make use of the joint ripper to get rid of stitches. The little blade at the pointer of the ripper is created to be pressed into the stitches.

35. Screwdriver

The screwdriver is for fastening the needle.

36. Extra bobbins

A lot of equipments will also feature a few added bobbins.

37. Quilting bar guide

The quilting bar overview will certainly be made use of with a unique presser foot created for quilting.

You put it through the presser foot, and also the most convenient method to do this is to place it before you mount the presser foot on your machine After you have set up the quilting bar guide, you can use it as a guide in order to maintain the exact same placement while sewing The bar will allow you to adhere to an existing stitch precisely.

sewing machine explained

37 parts sewing machine

Avatar for Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is the founder and editor-in-chief of, a site dedicated to those passionate about crafting. With years of experience and research under his belt, he sought to create a platform where he could share his knowledge and skills with others who shared his interests.